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New York 

Battle Creek, Mich. 
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Philadelphia Pittsburgh 

Birmingham, Ala. 

Ironton, Ohio 

St. Louis 

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The Home Garage 

°f Concrete Masonry 

THE amount of money invested in the 
average motor vehicle justifies a garage 
that will satisfy three essential require- 
ments: first and most important, security 
against fire; second, protection against the 
weather; third, reasonable convenience in its 
use and maintenance. A garage which pro- 
vides all of these features is the most economi- 
cal in the long run. 

Whether it be for a small, one-car garage 
or a large community type, concrete is the 
preferred construction material. iNot only 
does a concrete garage satisfy all of these 
important requirements at minimum first 
cost but has the additional merits of long 
life, low maintenance and ready adaptability 
to almost any architectural treatment. 

Perhaps the greatest single advantage in 
the use of concrete as a construction 
material is its great fire resistance. A garage 
which increases the fire risk is a menace. 
The owner may rest assured that his car has 
maximum fire protection when it is housed 
in a concrete masonry garage. 

In addition to the fire hazard common to 
all buildings the garage has a hazard of its 
own due to the presence of gasoline and oil 

Walls of concrete masonry and Portland cement 

stucco and roof of concrete tile give maximum fire 

protection to the garage 

A concrete garage is a good investment because of 
the security afforded and the absence of mainte- 
nance expense 

which makes it of vital importance that the 
garage be firesafe. The fire-resistive proper- 
ties of concrete are well known. In labora^ 
tory tests and in actual fires concrete walls 
have repeatedly and successfully demon- 
strated their ability to withstand exposure to 
intense heat. Quoting from Underwriters' 
Laboratory Retardant Report No. 1555 
giving the results of tests on hollow con- 
crete masonry units: 

"Walls composed of these units do not 
add fuel to fire. From the fire protection 
point of view, their use is to be preferred 
over walls of combustible materials or 
non-combustible materials, the strength 
of which is seriously affected by fire 

In many cities building regulations require 
that structures of inflammable construction 
be built some distance from the lot line but 
allow fireproof buildings to be built to the 
lot line. Thus on narrow city lots or where it 
is desirable to build the garage as a part of 
the house, fireproof concrete construction has 
a decided advantage. 

Roof as well as walls should be of non- 
burnable construction to give complete fire 
protection and is secured through the use of 
concrete roofing tile or cement asbestos 

Page Two 

shingles. Either of these materials may be 
obtained in a number of attractive colors to 
blend with the color scheme of the walls. 

Added to the economies resulting from 
fireproof construction there are other features 
about a concrete garage which result in 
tangible savings for the owner. Maintenance 
costs are practically eliminated. There are no 
bills for painting except an occasional renewal 
of paint on window frames, sills and trim. 
Even these may be built of concrete and the 
upkeep reduced to a minimum. With a per- 
manent concrete garage the cost per year is 

In whatever location the garage is placed 
it usually appears in a general view of the 
house and should 
therefore be an attrac- 
tive structure that 
will add to the beauty 
of the surroundings. 
Sharp contrast be- 
tween the design of 
the house and garage 
should be avoided. To 
secure unity of appear- 
ance some predomi- 
nating feature in the 

Below — A concrete 
masonry garage af)' 
broached by a concrete 
driveway enhances the 
value and utility of the 
home grounds 

Above — When the ga- 
rage is built as part 
of the house, the fire' 
safety afforded by con- 
crete masonry is not 
only an advantage but 
a necessity 

Left — An effect of un~ 
usual roominess is 
given the house when 
the garage is attached. 
The type shown here is 
suitable only for south' 
em climates 

house design is often 
incorporated in the 
lines of the garage. 
One of the outstand- 
ing advantages of concrete masonry is the 
ease with which it lends itself to almost any 
architectural treatment. With portland 
cement stucco — the usual method of sur- 
facing concrete masonry garages — an almost 
endless variety of colors and surface finishes 
is possible. 

The extensive and increasing use of con- 
crete for all classes of structures indicates 
that architects, builders and owners recognize 
the value of permanent, maintenance-free 
construction. Concrete masonry units are 
obtainable almost everywhere and there is 
scarcely a community that is not within easy 
hauling distance of a plant or yard where 
concrete block or tile can be obtained. 

Page Three 

Small building lots 
and the desirability 
of locating the ga* 
rage most conven- 
iently have made 
the attached type 
very popular. The 
firesafety of con^ 
crete masonry gives 
the owner perfect 

SMALL building lots and the desirability of locating the garage in the 
most convenient position have resulted in the development of the 
attached and semi-detached types. With either of these firesafety is not 
only an advantage but is a necessity. In the attached type where the garage 
is an integral part of the house, costs are reduced due to the use of common 
walls and often a common roof. Likewise the extra cost of heating the garage 
in winter is lessened as the house system can be extended to the garage. 

Where building codes prohibit connecting doors between the house and 
garage, a narrow covered passageway may be built between the house 
entry and the garage so that it can be reached comfortably in stormy 
weather. This is known as the semi-detached type. 

In case the lot slopes slightly towards the street, the garage is often 
conveniently built in the basement; then a sleeping porch or sun parlor is 
frequently placed over the room where the car is housed. In using this 
arrangement it is necessary that the garage ceiling be fireproof. A reinforced 
concrete slab is the best means of insuring this. A cement plaster ceiling 
applied on metal lath is likewise an effective fire stop. 

To obtain unity of appearance a predominating 

feature of the house design is often incorporated in 

the lines of the garage 

Where the lot slopes sharply to the street the garage 

is often planned and conveniently built as a part of 

the basement 

Page Four 


•Single- Cal-Galage,- 


• Concrete »M asonry- 





mm ji-rm 

?%^gi^k;. m 



Concrete roof^ 

ina Tile or Cement 

A,t bestos shingles 





°Frx>nt« Elevation ° 

2x4" Rafters 

Cement planter 
on metal lath 



i i 
i i 

r 1 h 

<— Cinder orqravel fill 

v>To firm soil and below 

° Section - A- A- 


fZConc. -2^ 
-sill. ■•-?•' 

ate. j*&Be5 gE ■ ■ i ■ SEgfi 

R_ear_° Elevation 

Page Fft»i 

The rental received from one*half of a tivo*car 
garage pays all expenses and often nets a profit 

The cost per car of building a garage for two or 
more cars is relatively less than for a onccar garage 

GARAGES constructed to provide storage space for two or more cars 
have become popular with thrifty owners. The cost per car of building 
a garage for twoor morecars is relatively less than for a one-car garage, 
and the extra space over that required by the owner can usually be rented at a 
substantial profit. The rental received is usually more than sufficient to 
cover interest charges, taxes and other expenses on the entire structure, 
giving the owner storage space for his car at practically no cost and often 
giving him considerable cash return as well. For the owner of a single car 
who prefers not to rent out space, the double garage is still a good invest- 
ment, providing a handy workroom and furnishing accommodations for 
visiting cars — a mark of hospitality that is appreciated. 

A width of not less than 10 feet should be allowed for each car. A length 
of less than 20 feet is seldom advisable and for larger cars 22 feet to 24 feet 
is not too much. The convenience of the extra space is worth many times 
the slight additional cost of building the garage 2 or 4 feet longer. 

If not needed for car 
storage the extra 
space in a two-car 
garage serves as a 
good storeroom for 
garden tools* It also 
provides accommo- 
dations for visiting 



Rage Six 

Page Seven 

The co turn unity ga* 
rage of concrete can 
be attractively de- 
signed and surfaced 
with Portland ce* 
ment stucco so as to 
be unobjectionable 
even in the most ex- 
clusive residential 




— m& ' ; 







V... ...:- 

THE community or multi-car garage is rapidly gaining popularity in 
the more densely populated residential sections of our larger cities. In 
principle, the community garage resembles a number of single car 
garages placed side by side with heating arrangements and other facilities in 
common. It provides private stalls where the automobiles can be cleaned, 
lubricated and repaired by the owners if desired. In each stall sufficient 
space is generally provided for the storage of supplies and each has its own 
doors, water pipes and lockers. 

The community garage often represents the most economical use of space 
for automobile storage purposes and in many localities offers an excellent 
opportunity for investment. By paying some attention to the planting of 
vines and shrubs the community garage can be made sufficiently attractive 
to be unobjectionable even in the most exclusive residential sections. 

The low cost and 
minimum expense of 
a community garage 
built of concrete 
masonry assures its 
owner of a profit- 
able investment 

Page Eight 


•Multi-Car.- Garage vJ 


•Concrete- Masonry- 




Perspective °View 


p^t5 |_Jj_ TClonerete coping M pcdfe^dfe^ 


rr n 


3- Stucco - 








Front- Elevation< 

x- Concrete coping 
^ -t"xft"raf ter5 lG"o.c. 

■^Prepared roofing 

Cement plaster 
on metal lath 

Bfg j Cone. coping-^ | j=S 
i&fe tHr_ 1/ Co n c. I i n te 1 


rr "^ 


Kg* ' 

Cone, si II 

Gravel or Cinder fill 

^To firm soil and below 

Lmd° Elevation 


Page Nine 

Year Round Concrete Driveways 

AN attractive concrete driveway adds 
Z\ much to the appearance of the home 
•L ** grounds, creates a good impression 
on visitors, and provides a convenient year 
round passage to the street or highway. 
Concrete is universally accepted as the ideal 
driveway material because it is durable, 
smooth without being slippery, and can be 
made extremely pleasing to the eye. Cleanli- 
ness, long life, and low maintenance are 
additional features. 

Like a street or a highway, the driveway 
must be designed to meet the needs of those 
whaiuse it. It should look well and be con- 
veniently located. The charm of the home 
grounds is in the trees and lawns and it is 
folly to destroy a fine tree because it happens 
to be in line with the location of the drive- 
way. A graceful curve around the tree does 
not inconvenience those who use the drive- 

Grade ■ 



Minimum width fop curved driveways where 




Minimum widths for straight drives 

A concrete driveway provides convenient year 
round passage to the street or highway 

way and adds much to the beauty of the 

There have been several types of drive- 
ways developed and the choice of which to 
build is largely dependent upon how it is 
to be used. Where subjected to hard service, 
pavements covering the entire driveway 
area give best satisfaction. Narrow, parallel 
strips of concrete often provide satisfactory 
approach where the driveway is subjected 
only to occasional use. In the latter type of 
driveway, the runways should be built with 
curbs on the outer edges to prevent running 
off and cutting up the lawn. Three designs 
for driveways are presented on this page. 

The pavement type of driveway is usually 
made from 8 to 10 feet wide. A 6-inch slab is 

Plans of various types of concrete driveways 

A side entrance where the driveway passes the 
house is a convenience in wet weather 

Page Ten 

An attractive entranceway adds much to the 

appearance of the grounds and creates a good 

impression on visitors 

recommended in order to take care of coal 
and other delivery trucks. The center of the 
driveway should be given a 1-inch crown to 
insure drainage. The crown is produced by 
means of a curved strikeboard or template 
which shapes the surface so that the center is 
1 inch higher than the edges. The base is also 
shaped with the center 1 inch higher than the 
outer edges so that the finished pavement 
will have a uniform thickness of 6 inches. 
Care should be taken to see that the area upon 
which the pavement is to lay is brought 
to grade well compacted before concreting. 

One-course construction is recommended, 
using the same mixture throughout. With 

In addition to its convenient location, the attached 

garage lends an impression of largeness to the home 

and the grounds 

moist sand and pebbles, the correct mixture 
is 434 gallons of water for each sack of 
cement. To this add sufficient amounts of 
sand and pebbles in the proportions of 2 
parts sand and 3 parts pebbles until the 
mixture is rather stiff. Finishing should be 
done with a wood float, producing a smooth 
yet gritty, non-skid surface. 

Damp earth, sand or straw is used to cure 
the driveway after it has hardened sufficiently 
so it is not easily marred. This covering 
must be kept moist for a week, sprinkling 
as often as necessary, and the driveway 
should not be put into service until the con- 
crete has hardened for two or three weeks. 

Curbs on the outer edges of a parallehstrip driveway 

are advisable to prevent running off and injuring 

the lawn 

A good combination — semi-detached garage of con* 
crete masonry and a concrete driveway. The drive* 
tv ay also serves as a walk 

Page Eleven 

Send for 


Garden pools— sun dials— bird baths— steps— drive- 
ways— lawn seats and many other attractive and 
useful home improvements can easily be made in 
your spare moments. Working with concrete, the stone 
that you can mold, is fascinating, and the beauty and 
utility of the things that you can make is limited only 
by your skill and ingenuity. 

Here's a book about concrete that tells you how to 
make all sorts of improvements, giving plans and 
construction details. It's free — write to our district 
office nearest you for a copy. 

Portland Cement Association 






Columbus, O. 



Des Moines 

Helena, Mont. 
Kansas City 

Lincoln, Nebr. 
Los Angeles 
New Orleans 

New York 
Oklahoma City 
Portland, Oreg. 

Richmond, Va. 
Salt Lake City 
San Francisco 
St. Louis 
Vancouver, B. C. 
Washington, D. C. 


Pll ?5M 9-J8— I 12P